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Shot Put

Shot Put

History Of Shot Put:

Shot put has been an Olympic event since the first modern Olympics in Rome in 1896. This is a game that requires strength along with technology, and after the change in the style of throw, the power of the throwing and the distance achieved has significant benefits.


Historians of the Scottish Highland Games believe that the shot was derived from the ancient Celtic tradition of "putting stones", according to Scottish folklore, by the Klan warlords to identify their strongest men for the purposes of war Was used to help.The earliest documented evidence of the tradition can be found in an Irish book, "Book of Leicester", which was written in the 12th century and describes events of the Titan Games organized in County Math. One of the incidents involved is to throw stones, but how far back in history, this tradition is still unattainable.


Early shot put incidents were judged at a distance of stone or shot, could be thrown after a small race of more than seven feet from the back of a raised wooden board. By the beginning of the 1890s, the run-up had been replaced by the circle with the board marked seven feet in diameter, which is now shaped to follow the front of the circle. In both cases, stepping on the board means that throwing will be stopped. In an article published in the American magazine "Outing" in 1892, incidents of Caledonian games have been described, and the then "prevailing" rule of throwing "standing" from within a circle has been discussed. The main reason for the change in the circle from the run-up was to increase the accuracy of the measure, to be able to measure the precise distance, from which the shot came straight to the nearest point on the edge of the circle.


The original tradition of throwing a stone was developed in throwing a cannon ball in the 18th century and the word "shot" came from this period. The shot used in the first modern Olympics held in 1896 was made of lead, while the modern day shot is made of smooth iron or bronze. Men's shot weight is 7.26 kg and women's shot, an Olympic program since 1948, weighs 4 kg.


Prior to 1951, the main moves involved in the shot put were to stand and throw in a standing position. In 1896, Shot Put Olympics gold medalist Bob Berrett of America was with a throw of 11.22 meters. The current men's shot put is World Record holder Randy Barnes of USA, who had an outdoor throw of 23.12 meters. His success as a thrower is known as "spin", which was first introduced by American Shot Putter Brian Oldfield in 1976.The spin was developed with a throwing style called "glide". Glide was pioneered by American Parry O'Brien in 1951 and is now considered a major turning point in the history of the game, because it had started the technology to overcome the direction of the movement in the beginning. One important factor in all shot put styles is that the shot should be placed in contrast to the throwing; It is achieved by placing the ball closer to the chin in all movements before release.
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